Brain-computer interface systems: progress and prospects.

TitleBrain-computer interface systems: progress and prospects.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsAllison, BZ, Wolpaw, EWinter, Wolpaw, J
JournalExpert review of medical devices
Date Published07/2007
KeywordsALS, assistive communication, BCI, BMI, brain-acuated control, brain-computer interface, brain-machine interface, EEG, ERP, locked-in syndrome, slow cortical potential, SSVEP, Stroke

Brain-computer interface (BCI) systems support communication through direct measures of neural activity without muscle activity. BCIs may provide the best and sometimes the only communication option for users disabled by the most severe neuromuscular disorders and may eventually become useful to less severely disabled and/or healthy individuals across a wide range of applications. This review discusses the structure and functions of BCI systems, clarifies terminology and addresses practical applications. Progress and opportunities in the field are also identified and explicated.


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