A Voting-Enhanced Dynamic-Window-Length Classifier for SSVEP-Based BCIs.

TitleA Voting-Enhanced Dynamic-Window-Length Classifier for SSVEP-Based BCIs.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsHabibzadeh, H, Norton, JJS, Vaughan, TM, Soyata, T, Zois, D-S
JournalIEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng
Date Published2021
KeywordsAlgorithms, brain-computer interfaces, Electroencephalography, Evoked Potentials, Visual, Humans, Photic Stimulation

We present a dynamic window-length classifier for steady-state visual evoked potential (SSVEP)-based brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) that does not require the user to choose a feature extraction method or channel set. Instead, the classifier uses multiple feature extraction methods and channel selections to infer the SSVEP and relies on majority voting to pick the most likely target. The classifier extends the window length dynamically if no target obtains the majority of votes. Compared with existing solutions, our classifier: (i) does not assume that any single feature extraction method will consistently outperform the others; (ii) adapts the channel selection to individual users or tasks; (iii) uses dynamic window lengths; (iv) is unsupervised (i.e., does not need training). Collectively, these characteristics make the classifier easy-to-use, especially for caregivers and others with limited technical expertise. We evaluated the performance of our classifier on a publicly available benchmark dataset from 35 healthy participants. We compared the information transfer rate (ITR) of this new classifier to those of the minimum energy combination (MEC), maximum synchronization index (MSI), and filter bank canonical correlation analysis (FBCCA). The new classifier increases average ITR to 123.5 bits-per-minute (bpm), 47.5, 51.2, and 19.5 bpm greater than the MEC, MSI, and FBCCA classifiers, respectively.

Alternate JournalIEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng
PubMed ID34428141
PubMed Central IDPMC8496754
Grant ListP41 EB018783 / EB / NIBIB NIH HHS / United States

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