|Title||Characterizing multivariate decoding models based on correlated EEG spectral features. |
|Publication Type||Journal Article |
|Year of Publication||2013 |
|Authors||McFarland, DJ |
|Journal||Clinical neurophysiology : official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology |
|Date Published||07/2013 |
|Keywords||brain-computer interface, multicollinearity, multivariate decoding, sensorimotor rhythm |
Multivariate decoding methods are popular techniques for analysis of neurophysiological data. The present study explored potential interpretative problems with these techniques when predictors are correlated.
Data from sensorimotor rhythm-based cursor control experiments was analyzed offline with linear univariate and multivariate models. Features were derived from autoregressive (AR) spectral analysis of varying model order which produced predictors that varied in their degree of correlation (i.e., multicollinearity).
The use of multivariate regression models resulted in much better prediction of target position as compared to univariate regression models. However, with lower order AR features interpretation of the spectral patterns of the weights was difficult. This is likely to be due to the high degree of multicollinearity present with lower order AR features.
Care should be exercised when interpreting the pattern of weights of multivariate models with correlated predictors. Comparison with univariate statistics is advisable.
While multivariate decoding algorithms are very useful for prediction their utility for interpretation may be limited when predictors are correlated.