Value of amplitude, phase, and coherence features for a sensorimotor rhythm-based brain-computer interface.

TitleValue of amplitude, phase, and coherence features for a sensorimotor rhythm-based brain-computer interface.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsKrusienski, DJ, McFarland, DJ, Wolpaw, J
JournalBrain Res Bull
Date Published01/2012
KeywordsAlgorithms, Brain, Electroencephalography, Humans, Motor Cortex, User-Computer Interface

Measures that quantify the relationship between two or more brain signals are drawing attention as neuroscientists explore the mechanisms of large-scale integration that enable coherent behavior and cognition. Traditional Fourier-based measures of coherence have been used to quantify frequency-dependent relationships between two signals. More recently, several off-line studies examined phase-locking value (PLV) as a possible feature for use in brain-computer interface (BCI) systems. However, only a few individuals have been studied and full statistical comparisons among the different classes of features and their combinations have not been conducted. The present study examines the relative BCI performance of spectral power, coherence, and PLV, alone and in combination. The results indicate that spectral power produced classification at least as good as PLV, coherence, or any possible combination of these measures. This may be due to the fact that all three measures reflect mainly the activity of a single signal source (i.e., an area of sensorimotor cortex). This possibility is supported by the finding that EEG signals from different channels generally had near-zero phase differences. Coherence, PLV, and other measures of inter-channel relationships may be more valuable for BCIs that use signals from more than one distinct cortical source.

Alternate JournalBrain Res. Bull.
PubMed ID21985984
PubMed Central IDPMC3246076
Grant ListEB00856 / EB / NIBIB NIH HHS / United States
HD30146 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
R01 EB000856 / EB / NIBIB NIH HHS / United States
R01 EB000856-01 / EB / NIBIB NIH HHS / United States

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