|Title||BCIs That Use Electrocorticographic Activity.|
|Publication Type||Book Chapter|
|Year of Publication||2012|
|Authors||Wolpaw, J, Winter-Wolpaw, E, Schalk, G|
|Book Title||Brain-Computer Interfaces: Principles and Practice|
|Publisher||Oxford University Press|
|Keywords||brain signals, brain-computer interfaces, ECoG, intracortically recorded signals|
This chapter discusses the potential of electrocorticography (ECoG) as a clinically useful brain-computer interface signal modality. ECoG has greater amplitude, higher topographical resolution, and a much broader frequency range than scalp-recorded electroencephalography and is less susceptible to artifacts. With current and foreseeable recording methodologies, ECoG is likely to have greater long-term stability than intracortically recorded signals. Furthermore, it can more readily be recorded from larger cortical areas, and it requires much lower digitization rates, thus greatly reducing the power requirements of wholly implanted systems.