|Title||Trained modulation of sensorimotor rhythms can affect reaction time. |
|Publication Type||Journal Article |
|Year of Publication||2011 |
|Authors||Boulay, CB, Sarnacki, WA, Wolpaw, J, McFarland, DJ |
|Journal||Clinical neurophysiology : official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology |
|Date Published||09/2011 |
|Keywords||brain-computer interface, EEG, Reaction Time |
Brain-computer interface (BCI) technology might be useful for rehabilitation of motor function. This speculation is based on the premise that modifying the EEG will modify behavior, a proposition for which there is limited empirical data. The present study examined the possibility that voluntary modulation of sensorimotor rhythm (SMR) can affect motor behavior in normal human subjects.
Six individuals performed a cued-reaction task with variable warning periods. A typical variable foreperiod effect was associated with SMR desynchronization. SMR features that correlated with reaction times were then used to control a two-target cursor movement BCI task. Following successful BCI training, an uncued reaction time task was embedded within the cursor movement task.
Voluntarily increasing SMR beta rhythms was associated with longer reaction times than decreasing SMR beta rhythms.
Voluntary modulation of EEG SMR can affect motor behavior.
These results encourage studies that integrate BCI training into rehabilitation protocols and examine its capacity to augment restoration of useful motor function.