Non-invasive brain-computer interface system to operate assistive devices.

TitleNon-invasive brain-computer interface system to operate assistive devices.
Publication TypeConference Proceedings
Year of Conference2007
AuthorsCincotti, F, Aloise, F, Bufalari, S, Schalk, G, Oriolo, G, Cherubini, A, Davide, F, Babiloni, F, Marciani, MG, Mattia, D
Conference NameConf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc
Date Published04/2007
KeywordsBrain, Communication Aids for Disabled, Computer Systems, Humans, Neurodegenerative Diseases, Quality of Life, Self-Help Devices, Software, User-Computer Interface
Abstract In this pilot study, a system that allows disabled persons to improve or recover their mobility and communication within the surrounding environment was implemented and validated. The system is based on a software controller that offers to the user a communication interface that is matched with the individual's residual motor abilities. Fourteen patients with severe motor disabilities due to progressive neurodegenerative disorders were trained to use the system prototype under a rehabilitation program. All users utilized regular assistive control options (e.g., microswitches or head trackers) while four patients learned to operate the system by means of a non-invasive EEG-based Brain-Computer Interface, based on the subjects' voluntary modulations of EEG sensorimotor rhythms recorded on the scalp.
PubMed ID18002510

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