|Title||EEG-based brain-computer interfaces|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2017|
|Authors||McFarland, DJ, Wolpaw, JR|
|Journal||Current Opinion in Biomedical Engineering|
|Keywords||brain-computer interface, neurotechnology, Rehabilitation|
Brain–Computer Interfaces (BCIs) are real-time computer-based systems that translate brain signals into useful commands. To date most applications have been demonstrations of proof-of-principle; widespread use by people who could benefit from this technology requires further development. Improvements in current EEG recording technology are needed. Better sensors would be easier to apply, more comfortable for the user, and produce higher quality and more stable signals. Although considerable effort has been devoted to evaluating classifiers using public datasets, more attention to real-time signal processing issues and to optimizing the mutually adaptive interaction between the brain and the BCI are essential for improving BCI performance. Further development of applications is also needed, particularly applications of BCI technology to rehabilitation. The design of rehabilitation applications hinges on the nature of BCI control and how it might be used to induce and guide beneficial plasticity in the brain.