Patients with ALS can use sensorimotor rhythms to operate a brain-computer interface.

TitlePatients with ALS can use sensorimotor rhythms to operate a brain-computer interface.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsKübler, A, Nijboer, F, Mellinger, J, Vaughan, TM, Pawelzik, H, Schalk, G, McFarland, DJ, Birbaumer, N, Wolpaw, JR
JournalNeurology
Volume64
Issue10
Pagination1775-7
Date Published05/2005
ISSN1526-632X
KeywordsAged, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Electroencephalography, Evoked Potentials, Motor, Evoked Potentials, Somatosensory, Female, Humans, Imagination, Male, Middle Aged, Motor Cortex, Movement, Paralysis, Photic Stimulation, Prostheses and Implants, Somatosensory Cortex, Treatment Outcome, User-Computer Interface
Abstract

People with severe motor disabilities can maintain an acceptable quality of life if they can communicate. Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs), which do not depend on muscle control, can provide communication. Four people severely disabled by ALS learned to operate a BCI with EEG rhythms recorded over sensorimotor cortex. These results suggest that a sensorimotor rhythm-based BCI could help maintain quality of life for people with ALS.

URLhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15911809
DOI10.1212/01.WNL.0000158616.43002.6D
Alternate JournalNeurology
PubMed ID15911809

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