|Title||Patients with ALS can use sensorimotor rhythms to operate a brain-computer interface.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2005|
|Authors||Kübler, A, Nijboer, F, Mellinger, J, Vaughan, TM, Pawelzik, H, Schalk, G, McFarland, DJ, Birbaumer, N, Wolpaw, JR|
|Keywords||Aged, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, Electroencephalography, Evoked Potentials, Motor, Evoked Potentials, Somatosensory, Female, Humans, Imagination, Male, Middle Aged, Motor Cortex, Movement, Paralysis, Photic Stimulation, Prostheses and Implants, Somatosensory Cortex, Treatment Outcome, User-Computer Interface|
People with severe motor disabilities can maintain an acceptable quality of life if they can communicate. Brain-computer interfaces (BCIs), which do not depend on muscle control, can provide communication. Four people severely disabled by ALS learned to operate a BCI with EEG rhythms recorded over sensorimotor cortex. These results suggest that a sensorimotor rhythm-based BCI could help maintain quality of life for people with ALS.